Çarşamba

History

There is no precise information on when Çarşamba is established. However, there are opinions that, the township in the center of Yeşilırmak Plain is the center of a settlement since 4000 B.C. Çarşamba lived under the sovereignty of Per, Hittite and Phrygian since 4000 B.C. It connected the Roman Empire in 63 A.D and later participated at Byzantine Empire. This situation lasted until 1200 years., Çarşamba connected Ottoman Empire in 1448 and it was ruled Yörgüç Paşa, Hacı Ali Pasa and Hazinedar family. Çarşamba began to developed after the fair which was first established in 1370 and it made Çarşamba gain an important impact in the region. This fair was founded on Wednesday So this is the reason why the name of the township is Çarşamba. Çarşamba ,as an important town during the Ottoman Empire, established the a municipal organization after the republic was founded in 1925.

Geography

Çarşamba is on the road of Samsun-Ordu and it is built on the both sides of Yeşilırmak in Çarşamba plain. It is surrounded by Terme in the east,the Black Sea coast in the North, Ayvacık and Salıpazarı in the south. Çarşamba is a plain like Bafra. Yeşilırmak breaks the plain into two parts. The overhangs of the Canik mountain are in South of the township. Yeşilırmak, one of the longest rivers of Turkey(416km),is also the biggest river of Çarşamba. The sourse of Yeşilırmak is Köse mountains in Sivas. It reachs Çarşamba plain by passing Canik mountains. It flows into the sea in the Civa tongue. Some delta lakes occures near the river. These lakes situated on the beach are; Dumanlı, Akarcık , Akmaz, and Kocagöl lakes. Other lakes are formed as a result of the change in river bed. These are; Sazlık, Çilme,Kör rivers. Rivers are surrounded by reeds and marsh.

Social - Economic Situation

Çarşamba was founded on the fertile delta plain formed by Yeşilırmak .A Big part of the population engage in agriculture. The plain irrigated by Yeşilırmak is extremely cultivable. Agriculture in the district has developed enough to make production around Turkey. so many different crops are cultivated. Some of them are : wheat, barley, rice, beans, soy beans, chick peas, sugar beet, sunflower, peach, hazelnut and apple. 39% of corn production is provided by Samsun and most of the corn production is provided by Çarşamba. Tobacco planted area in the district is 450 square meters and 42. 346 kg. tobacco grows per year. Furthermore, with the foundation of the sugar factory,cultivation of sugar beets has started. Sugar Factory's opening has led to the development of large and small livestock in the villages. Fertile land also has enabled farmers to product vegetables like tomatoe, pepper, eggplant, cucumber, green beans and so on. Vegetables are marketed to the provinces in need . Poplar and poplar sapling growing have been a growing economic activity in the district recently. Also,developments in the area of industry in Çarşamba are remarkable. Expecially the nuts produced in the region are exported to the countries like Germany, the United States, Saudi Arabia, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates by three privately owned hazelnut factories. Again, there are two small privately owned seafood processing factories which are exported to France. Also, there are small businesses processing forest products .The needs such as maintenance, reparation and spare parts of transportation and agricultural vehicles are met in the small industrial site of the district.

Local Climate

Typical Central Black Sea climate prevails. Summers are cool and winters are mild and rainy. The annual rainfall is avarege 600-700 mm and the annual average temperature is 15-17 C. Difference in temperature between summer and winter is not so visible owing to the influence of the sea. It snows less and the most rainy period is from October to the end of December. The hottest months are; July, August and the coldest months are January and February.

Local Flora

Our district is very rich in fauna. Çarşamba plain has 53300 hectares of agricultural land and vineyards, orchards, meadows and cultivated fields . Agricultural products of the district are wheat, tobacco, corn, vegetables, sunflowers, sugar beets and nuts. In the northern part of Çarşamba spruce, beech forests; on the coastal areas and around the rivers poplar and willow trees are common. Dominant flora of the southern part of the plain is oak, pear, hawthorn trees and pasture grasses. the reeds and marshes are also available in the plain beside the large pastures.

24 Aralık 2015 Tarihli Resmi Gazetede yayınlanan 459 sıra no'lu vergi usul kanunu genel tebliği ile;

01.01.2016 tarihinden itibaren 7000 TL'nin üzerindeki ödemeler bankalar aracılığıyla yapılacaktır. Yürürlüğe girmiş olan 459 sayılı tebliğ ile daha önce 8000 TL olan bu limit 01.01.2016 tarihinden geçerli olmak üzere 7000 TL olarak yeniden düzenlenmiştir.